A European Union plan seen by Bloomberg

A European Union plan seen by Bloomberg would reclassify as many as 4.1 million people who work for delivery and ride-hailing apps as employees and recognize another 3.8 million as self-employed, in a move the European Union estimates would cost gig economy companies 4.5 billion euros ($5.1 billion) a year. A risk assessment from the European Commission said the draft proposal, set to be made public next week before the commission looks to gain support from member states and the European Parliament, could undercut worker flexibility and raise prices for customers.